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Statistics on Jobs for People with Disabilities

Four images of diverse people with disabilitiesData from the 2018 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium shows that while Americans with disabilities are entering the workforce in greater numbers, serious gaps in employment exist between different states. If you want to know how your state is doing on jobs for people with disabilities, the tables on this page are an easy way to find out. For more information on the data, you can read our press release.

50 States Ranked by Disability Employment Rates in 2017
State Ranking  State Total # of Working-Age PWDs # of Working-Age PWDs Employed  Disability Employment Rate PWDs Job Gains and Losses
U.S. 20,444,249 7,572,805 37 111,804
1 ND 37,320 21,019 56.3 -2267
2 SD 49,546 25,419 51.3 -904
3 UT 150,964 74,754 49.5 -13
4 NE 112,418 55,391 49.3 2068
5 MN 305,082 145,697 47.8 617
6 VT 47,113 22,234 47.2 1728
7 KS 191,769 89,069 46.4 4807
8 MT 69,553 31,935 45.9 -1484
9 IA 170,186 77,746 45.7 -2670
10 WY 41,825 19,063 45.6 578
11 CO 311,449 141,691 45.5 10033
12 AK 53,087 23,815 44.9 -275
13 ID 125,743 54,948 43.7 4858
14 HI 59,469 25,546 43 -810
15 NH 84,234 36,069 42.8 -676
16 MD 335,461 141,870 42.3 4353
17 WI 339,267 142,285 41.9 -1441
18 VA 500,771 204,103 40.8 10471
19 RI 75,806 30,787 40.6 7758
20 WA 480,828 194,948 40.5 1156
21 CT 189,419 76,096 40.2 1381
22 NV 183,918 73,968 40.2 -9485
23 TX 1,622,962 647,977 39.9 3796
24 IN 477,660 184,343 38.6 8964
25 IL 691,453 263,464 38.1 20681
26 OR 288,493 109,027 37.8 -9887
27 MA 396,597 149,633 37.7 -1014
28 NJ 428,932 161,729 37.7 2154
29 OK 339,773 127,608 37.6 4040
30 PA 880,799 329,760 37.4 6406
31 MO 463,964 172,283 37.1 8040
32 DE 52,947 19,576 37 -708
33 OH 840,199 309,665 36.9 4725
34 AZ 428,198 156,194 36.5 5,760
35 CA 1,980,677 721,536 36.4 19745
36 ME 112,442 39,424 35.1 3067
37 GA 661,498 227,895 34.5 -8682
38 NY 1,099,574 378,951 34.5 11473
39 FL 1,258,361 428,638 34.1 23953
40 LA 361,642 122,683 33.9 2240
41 MI 727,451 246,196 33.8 -8138
42 NC 689,612 232,875 33.8 -16355
43 NM 169,264 57,005 33.7 7921
44 TN 538,061 179,049 33.3 4679
45 SC 376,889 122,789 32.6 -6977
46 AR 285,023 87,920 30.8 2473
47 KY 430,265 129,954 30.2 -3972
48 MS 265,344 73,203 27.6 -2875
49 AL 418,429 112,030 26.8 -3,769
50 WV 188,696 49,199 26.1 -4173
Disability Employment Statistics for Working-Age People with Disabilities in 2017
State Total # of Working-Age PWDs Disability Employment
Count %
U.S. 20,444,249 7,572,805 37
AL 418,429 112,030 26.8
AK 53,087 23,815 44.9
AZ 428,198 156,194 36.5
AR 285,023 87,920 30.8
CA 1,980,677 721,536 36.4
CO 311,449 141,691 45.5
CT 189,419 76,096 40.2
DE 52,947 19,576 37
FL 1,258,361 428,638 34.1
GA 661,498 227,895 34.5
HI 59,469 25,546 43
ID 125,743 54,948 43.7
IL 691,453 263,464 38.1
IN 477,660 184,343 38.6
IA 170,186 77,746 45.7
KS 191,769 89,069 46.4
KY 430,265 129,954 30.2
LA 361,642 122,683 33.9
ME 112,442 39,424 35.1
MD 335,461 141,870 42.3
MA 396,597 149,633 37.7
MI 727,451 246,196 33.8
MN 305,082 145,697 47.8
MS 265,344 73,203 27.6
MO 463,964 172,283 37.1
MT 69,553 31,935 45.9
NE 112,418 55,391 49.3
NV 183,918 73,968 40.2
NH 84,234 36,069 42.8
NJ 428,932 161,729 37.7
NM 169,264 57,005 33.7
NY 1,099,574 378,951 34.5
NC 689,612 232,875 33.8
ND 37,320 21,019 56.3
OH 840,199 309,665 36.9
OK 339,773 127,608 37.6
OR 288,493 109,027 37.8
PA 880,799 329,760 37.4
RI 75,806 30,787 40.6
SC 376,889 122,789 32.6
SD 49,546 25,419 51.3
TN 538,061 179,049 33.3
TX 1,622,962 647,977 39.9
UT 150,964 74,754 49.5
VT 47,113 22,234 47.2
VA 500,771 204,103 40.8
WA 480,828 194,948 40.5
WV 188,696 49,199 26.1
WI 339,267 142,285 41.9
WY 41,825 19,063 45.6
Ranking of States Best to Worst Employment for People with Disabilities in 2017
1 ND 56.3
2 SD 51.3
3 UT 49.5
4 NE 49.3
5 MN 47.8
6 VT 47.2
7 KS 46.4
8 MT 45.9
9 IA 45.7
10 WY 45.6
11 CO 45.5
12 AK 44.9
13 ID 43.7
14 HI 43
15 NH 42.8
16 MD 42.3
17 WI 41.9
18 VA 40.8
19 RI 40.6
20 WA 40.5
21 CT 40.2
22 NV 40.2
23 TX 39.9
24 IN 38.6
25 IL 38.1
26 OR 37.8
27 MA 37.7
28 NJ 37.7
29 OK 37.6
30 PA 37.4
31 MO 37.1
32 DE 37
33 OH 36.9
34 AZ 36.5
35 CA 36.4
36 ME 35.1
37 GA 34.5
38 NY 34.5
39 FL 34.1
40 LA 33.9
41 MI 33.8
42 NC 33.8
43 NM 33.7
44 TN 33.3
45 SC 32.6
46 AR 30.8
47 KY 30.2
48 MS 27.6
49 AL 26.8
50 WV 26.1
Job Gains and Losses for People With and Without Disabilities in 2017
State
2017# of PWDs Employed 2016 # of PWDs Employed PWDs Job Gains and Losses 2017 # of non-PWDs Employed 2016  # of non-PWDs Employed non-PWDs Job Gains and Losses
U.S. 7,572,805 7,461,001 111,804 136,960,269 135,089,199 1871070
AL  112,030 115,799 -3,769 1815887 1,825,440 -9,553
AK  23,815 24,090 -275 300,380 309,682 -9,302
AZ  156,194 150,434 5,760 2,757,032 2,684,035 72,997
AR  87,920 85,447 2473 1,121,274 1,111,661 9,613
CA  721,536 701,791 19745 16,961,551 16,632,184 329,367
CO  141,691 131,658 10033 2,565,435 2,513,698 51,737
CT  76,096 74,715 1381 1,582,806 1,596,352 -13546
DE  19,576 20,284 -708 382,889 390,409 -7520
FL  428,638 404,685 23953 8,380,911 8,177,300 203611
GA  227,895 236,577 -8682 4,329,722 4,227,892 101830
HI  25,546 26,356 -810 597,818 602,358 -4540
ID  54,948 50,090 4858 672,032 662,021 10011
IL  263,464 242,783 20681 5,551,933 5,604,115 -52182
IN  184,343 175,379 8964 2,778,797 2,782,195 -3398
IA  77,746 80,416 -2670 1,409,244 1,401,585 7659
KS  89,069 84,262 4807 1,234,266 1,227,313 6953
KY  129,954 133,926 -3972 1,711,997 1,689,336 22661
LA  122,683 120,443 2240 1,765,230 1,767,458 -2228
ME  39,424 36,357 3067 567,638 566,378 1260
MD  141,870 137,517 4353 2,733,682 2,716,777 16905
MA  149,633 150,647 -1014 3,167,434 3,148,274 19160
MI  246,196 254,334 -8138 4,106,166 4,042,733 63433
MN  145,697 145,080 617 2,602,221 2,576,753 25468
MS  73,203 76,078 -2875 1,070,889 1,074,318 -3429
MO  172,283 164,243 8040 2,536,645 2,521,381 15264
MT  31,935 33,419 -1484 442,802 431,126 11676
NE  55,391 53,323 2068 869,515 855,042 14473
NV  73,968 83,453 -9485 1,264,395 1,211,522 52873
NH  36,069 36,745 -676 630,403 621,838 8565
NJ  161,729 159,575 2154 4,013,232 3,936,933 76299
NM  57,005 49,084 7921 751,217 767,544 -16327
NY  378,951 367,478 11473 8,610,618 8,522,611 88007
NC  232,875 249,230 -16355 4,225,322 4,101,199 124123
ND  21,019 23,286 -2267 355,450 354,090 1360
OH  309,665 304,940 4725 4,867,703 4,843,788 23915
OK  127,608 123,568 4040 1,502,073 1,495,651 6422
OR  109,027 118,914 -9887 1,751,754 1,696,553 55201
PA  329,760 323,354 6406 5,367,374 5,330,434 36940
RI  30,787 23,029 7758 464,968 462,612 2356
SC  122,789 129,766 -6977 1,985,199 1,936,360 48839
SD  25,419 26,323 -904 375,014 373,550 1464
TN  179,049 174,370 4679 2,734,895 2,640,999 93896
TX  647,977 644,181 3796 11,762,593 11,526,552 236041
UT  74,754 74,767 -13 1,331,953 1,287,144 44809
VT  22,234 20,506 1728 271,817 275,842 -4025
VA  204,103 193,632 10471 3,669,633 3,647,462 22171
WA  194,948 193,792 1156 3,187,621 3,093,022 94599
WV  49,199 53,372 -4173 621,100 634,749 -13649
WI  142,285 143,726 -1441 2,626,044 2,612,737 13307
WY  19,063 18,485 578 241,852 247,491 -5639
Disability Employment Rates by Race in 2017
State Total # of Working-Age PWDs Total # of PWDs Employed Disability Employment Rate
U.S. – All Races 20,444,249 7,572,805 37
African Americans with Disabilities 3,262,362 934,589 28.6
Latinx Americans with Disabilities 2,887,953 1,114,614 38.6
Asian Americans with Disabilities 531,093 218,999 41.2
Top 10 States Ranked by Disability Employment Rates in 2017
State Ranking State Total # of Working-Age PWDs # of PWDs Employed Total Job Gains and Losses Disability Employment Rate
1 ND 37,320 21,019 -2267 56.3
2 SD 49,546 25,419 -904 51.3
3 UT 150,964 74,754 -13 49.5
4 NE 112,418 55,391 2068 49.3
5 MN 305,082 145,697 617 47.8
6 VT 47,113 22,234 1728 47.2
7 KS 191,769 89,069 4807 46.4
8 MT 69,553 31,935 -1484 45.9
9 IA 170,186 77,746 -2670 45.7
10 WY 41,825 19,063 578 45.6
Disability Employment Gap in 2017
State Employment Rate for PWDs Employment Rate for Non-PWDs Gap (% pts)
U.S. 37 77.2 40.2
AL 26.8 72.6 45.8
AK 44.9 75.7 30.8
AZ 36.5 75.3 38.8
AR 30.8 75.9 45.1
CA 36.4 75 38.6
CO 45.5 80.6 35.1
CT 40.2 78.1 37.9
DE 37 73.5 36.5
FL 34.1 75.6 41.5
GA 34.5 76 41.5
HI 43 78.8 35.8
ID 43.7 77.4 33.7
IL 38.1 77.6 39.5
IN 38.6 78.7 40.1
IA 45.7 82.7 37
KS 46.4 81 34.6
KY 30.2 76.3 46.1
LA 33.9 72.5 38.6
ME 35.1 81.6 46.5
MD 42.3 80.4 38.1
MA 37.7 80.2 42.5
MI 33.8 77.1 43.3
MN 47.8 84.2 36.4
MS 27.6 71.8 44.2
MO 37.1 79.8 42.7
MT 45.9 80.1 34.2
NE 49.3 85 35.7
NV 40.2 77.1 36.9
NH 42.8 83.4 40.6
NJ 37.7 78.3 40.6
NM 33.7 71.4 37.7
NY 34.5 76.2 41.7
NC 33.8 76.9 43.1
ND 56.3 84.3 28
OH 36.9 78.8 41.9
OK 37.6 76.3 38.7
OR 37.8 78 40.2
PA 37.4 78.1 40.7
RI 40.6 78.6 38
SC 32.6 76.2 43.6
SD 51.3 82.5 31.2
TN 33.3 77.5 44.2
TX 39.9 75.9 36
UT 49.5 79.7 30.2
VT 47.2 80.1 32.9
VA 40.8 79 38.2
WA 40.5 78.2 37.7
WV 26.1 70.2 44.1
WI 41.9 82.6 40.7
WY 45.6 80.3 34.7
PR 24 53 29
Change in Employment Gap in 2017
State Gap (Between No Disability & Disability) Gap Change (% pts)
2016 (%) 2017 (%)
U.S. 40.8 40.2 0.6
AL 45.5 45.9 -0.4
AK 28.3 30.8 -2.6
AZ 39.7 38.8 0.8
AR 43 45 -2
CA 39.5 38.6 1.0
CO 37 35.1 1.9
CT 39.8 37.9 1.9
DE 39.9 36.5 3.4
DC 43.1 34.1 8.9
FL 42.9 41.6 1.3
GA 41.8 41.6 0.2
HI 38.7 35.8 2.8
ID 33.7 33.7 0.0
IL 42 39.5 2.5
IN 43 40.1 2.9
IA 36.6 37 -0.5
KS 35.6 34.5 1.1
KY 45 46.1 -1.1
LA 41.6 38.5 3.1
ME 47.3 46.5 0.7
MD 39.1 38.1 1.0
MA 41.5 42.5 -1
MI 43.1 43.2 -0.2
MN 35.8 36.5 -0.6
MS 41.9 44.2 -2.3
MO 44.1 42.6 1.5
MT 35.3 34.2 1.2
NE 36.4 35.7 0.8
NV 34.1 36.8 -2.8
NH 41.1 40.6 0.5
NJ 40.7 40.6 0.0
NM 40 37.8 2.2
NY 42.4 41.7 0.6
NC 41.2 43.1 -1.9
ND 30.2 28 2.2
OH 42.7 42 0.8
OK 38.4 38.8 -0.3
OR 37.7 40.2 -2.6
PA 42.1 40.7 1.4
RI 48.6 38 10.6
SC 42.1 43.7 -1.5
SD 30.7 31.2 -0.5
TN 44.9 44.2 0.6
TX 36.9 36 0.9
UT 31.9 30.1 1.8
VT 39.7 32.9 6.7
VA 39.7 38.2 1.5
WA 38.1 37.7 0.4
WV 43.4 44.2 -0.8
WI 40.4 40.7 -0.3
WY 32.3 34.7 -2.4
PR 32.6 28.9 3.7

To review the Compendium itself, please visit their outstanding website here: https://www.disabilitycompendium.org.

For Frequently Asked Questions about the Disability Statistics Compendium, please visit: https://www.disabilitycompendium.org/faq. Assistance interpreting and locating additional statistics is available via UNH’s toll-free number, 866.538.9521, or by email, disability.statistics@unh.edu

Citation: Lauer, E.A. & Houtenville, A.J., 2019. Annual Disability Statistics Compendium: 2018. Durham, NH: University of New Hampshire, Institute on Disability.

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